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Infrastructure Expenditure


Expenditure for Public Works

Public investments are a key instrument for strengthening the Italian economy and for providing the Country with modern infrastructure.

An important component of investments is represented by investments in public works such as public buildings, constructions, road works and projects across the Country. The economic and social impact of these investments depends crucially on their quality, sustainability and capacity to meet needs.

The reform process of the State Budget that was started in 2009 has created the regulatory framework that regulates the entire process for implementing infrastructure in Italy with the aim of improving the quality of public decision-making and of rationalizing and optimizing investments.

The structure that has been defined, in pursuance of Article 30, paragraph 9 of the public accounting law of 31 December 2009 (Act 196/2009), through legislative decrees no 228 and 229 of 2011 and ensuing implementation decrees, suggests a dynamic integrated process based on three interdependent concepts: planning, monitoring and assessment

In particular, Legislative Decree 228/2011 introduces the main instruments for long-term economic planning linked to the financial cycle and the rules for independent assessment.

Instead, Legislative Decree 229/2011 regulates the monitoring process to track the flow of resources allocated to implementation and the actual results of the expenditure. The basic idea in order to make this work, is that the information gathered be delivered to the decision-making level in order to adjust the plan and start the budget policies in the next cycle on the basis of an ex post assessment.

The system consists in gathering a set of information about the entire life cycle of the public work, from planning and design, to the progress reports up until completion of the work; entering this information into the Data Base of the Public Administration (BDAP) allows for closer control and for a more efficient use of the public resources allocated for investments.