Public investments are a key instrument for
strengthening the Italian economy and for providing the Country with
An important component of investments is represented by investments in public works such as
public buildings, constructions, road works and projects across the Country. The economic and
social impact of these investments depends crucially on their
quality, sustainability and capacity to meet needs.
The reform process of the State Budget that was started in 2009 has created the regulatory
framework that regulates the entire process for implementing infrastructure in Italy with the aim
improving the quality of public decision-making and of rationalizing and optimizing
The structure that has been defined, in pursuance of Article 30, paragraph 9 of the public
accounting law of 31 December 2009 (Act 196/2009), through
legislative decrees no 228 and 229 of 2011 and ensuing implementation decrees,
suggests a dynamic integrated process based on three interdependent concepts:
planning, monitoring and assessment.
In particular, Legislative Decree 228/2011 introduces the main instruments for
long-term economic planning linked to the financial cycle and the rules for
Instead, Legislative Decree 229/2011 regulates
the monitoring process to track the flow of resources allocated to implementation and the
actual results of the expenditure. The basic idea in order to make this work, is that the
information gathered be delivered to the decision-making level in order to adjust the plan and
start the budget policies in the next cycle on the basis of an ex post assessment.
The system consists in gathering a set of information about the entire life cycle of the public
work, from planning and design, to the progress reports up until completion of the work; entering
this information into the Data Base of the Public Administration (BDAP) allows for closer control
and for a more efficient use of the public resources allocated for investments.