The State General Accounting Department (Ragioneria Generale dello Stato - RGS) is a central review body that provides support to
Parliament and Government in their duties of delivering policies, processes and budget compliance.
Its main institutional task is to ensure proper planning and rigorous management of public
It has been given the duty and responsibility to ensure proper and reliable
government fund accounting, to audit and analyse government expenditure trends. Its
responsibilities include drafting an outline for the annual budget, with its variation and
adjustment measures, and an outline for the multi-year government budget as well as the draft
budget law and related measures.
In addition, during a preliminary audit, it is called upon i) to express its opinion on any
statutory instrument or other piece of legislation drafted by the Government that may have a direct
or indirect impact on public financial and economic management; ii) to ensure consistent
interpretation and enforcement of accounting standards; iii) to exercise oversight functions over
the financial management of public bodies through inspections.
Furthermore, it is also responsible for making proposals to introduce innovative regulations in
the economic and financial sector. The Accounting Office's tasks have recently been strengthened to
achieve greater thoroughness in monitoring and analysing expenditure trends with a view to
achieving domestic growth targets and complying with the Stability Pact. Activities are also being
developed to support the establishment of management standards that may be useful to the whole of
The RGS State General Accounting Department is also active at international level and maintains
relations with many Organizations, including the European Union, its Member States as well as third
countries. The RGS State General Accounting Department also represents Italy in internationally
established intergovernmental Committees, Councils and Conferences and RGS officials participate in
conferences and visits aimed at exchanging information, methods and criteria on matters of common
interest. Lately RGS has also stepped up its activities by standing as a candidate in EU-funded
Twinning Projects forming part of the PHARE Programme aimed at providing support and
cooperation to EU candidate countries.